How To Clean and Dry Raw Wool

Do you own sheep or have a friend who does? If so, this highly profitable homestead side hustle might be just what you have been looking for to make money off your land or small farm. Cleaned raw wool sells for about $25 a pound.

Dyed wool roving typically demands a price of at least $5 for only a few ounces. The dyed wool roving is often sold to fabric artists, and used to make needle felted animals, wet felting play mats, and beautiful home decor.

Raw wool is use to create Waldorf dolls and soft sculpted animals. These simple yet beautiful fabric dolls and animals commonly sell for $100 to $500 each.

raw wool
raw wool

Fiber artists use only natural materials to make the dolls, stuffed toys, and needle felted animals, and wet felted playscapes – and are willing to pay a handsome price for quality materials dyed in a low tox manner provided by homesteaders just like you instead of commercially manufactured items that are mass produced and infused with chemicals.

If you are the crafty type, you could learn how to make your own Waldorf dolls via our New Life On A Homestead tutorial with free patterns, stuffed toys, needle felted animals that sell for roughly $25 to $50 each or wet felted playscapes that run between $100 to $185 each, and make even more money from your homestead using the wool the sheep provide.

This needle felted bear sells for $125 on Etsy.

This wet felted playscape sells for between $99 to $147 on Etsy – depending upon the inclusion of the little needle felted animals shown in the feature display photo.

If you learn how to make a Waldorf doll after watching our tutorial videos and viewing the step by step photo guide, you could sell an unfinished head (wool head shape with or without a nose only) for about $25 to $50 each.

wool and washing liquids

Raw Wool Cleaning Basics

Cleaning and dying wool is neither difficult nor expensive. While the process is a little time consuming when cleaning a big batch of dried wool all at once, it is not a labor intensive process, and can be completed easily even if you are an off grid homesteader.

To reduce the amount of time it takes to clean raw wool, wash and brush the animals before removing it. Pretty up the sheep just like you are getting ready to take them to the county fair, and you will not have to spent a half an hour or more picking out briars, straw, and clumps of dirt from the raw wool after shearing.

Using electrical shears will speed up the removal process immensely as well, but you can also get the job done equally well with old-fashioned manual sheep shears.

Building a sheep shearing stand out of wood, or buying a metal one will also make the wool removal process much less frustrating – or use a goat milking stand.

How To Clean Raw Wool

Washing raw wool (often referred to as scouring) removes dirt, straw, and wool grease – lanolin from the sheep fleece.

It’s essential to remember that exposing raw wool to heat and agitation will cause it to “felt”. While getting the wool wet and pliable, is vital to the wet felting craft process, doing so during the cleaning stage will ruin it for future use.

The key to cleaning wool properly is getting the heat levels just right and only manipulating or agitating the fleece as little as possible so it remains in its natural state. To avoid wet felting your wool while scouring it, never place it directly under running water and keep the water temperature lukewarm or warm and never – ever, hot.

wool next to washer


  • Raw Wool
  • Distilled White Vinegar
  • Liquid Dish Soap – Blue Dawn recommended
  • Sink, plastic tub, or clothes washer
  • Warm Water
  • Measuring Spoons
  • Drying Rack or Towel
putting wool in the washer

Directions for Large Batch Raw Wool Cleaning

Step 1: Fill washing machine with warm water. If your washer only runs hot or cold, fill half of the washer with cold water, switch to the hot setting, and manually agitate the drum for a few moments to mix the hot and cold water together.

Step 2: Pour in 1 to 2 tablespoons of liquid dish soap. I use Blue Dawn because it is a superb grease cutter, and is not abrasive.

Step 3: Either manually agitate the drum again to mix in the soap or turn on the washing machine briefly (about 30 seconds) to mix in the liquid dish soap.

Step 4: Load up to 2 and a half pounds of raw wool into the washing machine. Push it down into the water as gently as possible. Take care not to manipulate the wool to sink it into the water any more than you have to in order to avoid wet felting.

Step 5: Allow the wool to soak in the washer for 25 minutes.

wool next to washer

Step 6: Turn the washing machine to the rinse setting or the final spin cycle setting to drain the water from the washer.

Step 7: Pour up to three tablespoons of distilled white vinegar into the washer. If you want scented wool (some folks do this when using the raw wool stuffing) drop in up to 10 drops of your chosen essential oil as well.

Step 8: Fill the washer with warm water again, and manually agitate the drum to mix in the distilled white vinegar thoroughly.

Step 9: Carefully remove the scoured raw wool, and lay it out on drying racks (baking rack, old but clean screen, or dog cage panels all work well) or a towel to dry.

If you are going to store the wool to use later to either make Waldorf doll heads, as stuffing for plush toys or pillows, or weigh it and put it in bags to sell, the wool must be 100% dry. The drying process takes between one to three days, depending on the temperature and humidity in the drying area.

If the washed wool is going to be dyed, you absolutely do not want to dry it. Wool dries quickly, and must be still wet to accept either a natural or synthetic dye.

washed wool close-up

You can also follow these same steps to wash wool in large batches using a plastic tub. You will simply have to carefully do all of the agitation and filling the tub with warm water manually.

Picking straw and grass or other large debris out of the washed wool is almost always necessary – no matter how much time you spend doing the same thing before washing the wool.

Little bits of straw and grass will work their way out of dense wool during the scouring process, only revealing themselves as the sheep fleece dries.

Directions for Small Batch Raw Wool Cleaning

  1. Fill the sink with warm water – just enough to cover the amount of wool you are washing and still allow it to move freely in the water. If you have a double sink, you could use one for the first stage of the scouring process and one for the second, or simply drain and refill a single sink, as I did. Two sinks speeds up the short process a bit, but then the time you save it basically wasted because you have a second sink to clean when you are done with the wool washing project.
  2. Pour in about 1 tablespoon of liquid dish soap. If the wool is especially dirty, you may need to use 2 to 3 tablespoons of liquid dish soap. If the raw fleece is really greasy, consider using Wisk instead. The sink water will feel very slick from the soap or Wisk used and the lanolin that you are releasing from the wool.
  3. Carefully immerse the raw wool in the sink water. Slowly agitate the wool around with your hands. Again, remain very careful not to manipulate it too much, and cause wet felting to occur. You do not want to move the wool so much that you create soap suds.
  4. Allow the wool to soak in the sink for at least 10 minutes to loosen the dirt thoroughly.
  5. Remove the wool from the sink, and gently squeeze away the excess water. DO NOT ring out the wool as you wood a dish towel, or needle felting will almost certainly happen.
  6. Fill the sink up with warm water again.
  7. Pour in up to three tablespoons of distilled white vinegar.
  8. Agitate the water with your hands or a spoon to mix in the vinegar.
  9. Place the wool back into the water, and gently immerise every last bit of it.
  10. Allow the wool to remain in the vinegar, and water bath for at least 10 minutes. Do not agitate the wool.
  11. Remove the wool, and begin dying immediately while it is still wet or place it on a towel or rack to dry for one to three days before storing for future use.

Have you ever washed your own wool? Are you considering it? Be sure to pin this article on one of your Pinterest boards, to come back to it in the future!


3 thoughts on “How To Clean and Dry Raw Wool”

  1. If dyeing the wool, actually it needs to be dry in order to be weighed (if you want predictable/repeatable color). When making up your dye pot, you take into account the (dry) weight of the materials to be dyed.

    Once weighed, it can be soaked and made ready for dyeing.


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