Wood is a reliable source of heat for folks who don’t want to rely on electricity or gas for the purpose, and also works wonderfully as a backup heating method for either of the aforementioned methods.
Be it in an open, traditional fireplace or a contemporary wood stove, wood is typically regarded as among the most dependable fuels for the purpose and is readily accessible and renewable in most regions.
If you want to prepare your home for cold days and colder nights with only wood for heat, though, you’ll need to be well-stocked before it is time to light the fires.
How much wood will it take to heat your house?
In the winter season of a temperate zone, an average two-story, 2,000 sq ft house in good repair will need roughly 525 to 750 cubic feet of firewood. In traditional measurements for the purpose, this is approximately 4 to 6 cords worth.
Many home and environment variables may impact this estimate, and anyone relying on wood for heat should consider them.
If you don’t want to freeze your tail off in the winter months, keep reading to learn how you can accurately estimate your firewood requirements.
Nothing Beats Experience when Burning Wood
Personal experience in your house burning wood for heat is invaluable when calculating how much wood is actually needed.
If you are preparing to buy your own wood-burning stove or fire up that fireplace for the first time, this isn’t comforting, however! You still have an easy way forward, though.
If you’re buying or inheriting a house that relies on wood as the primary or only heat source, the best way to zero in on your wood requirements is to ask the previous tenants or owners if you are able.
Ideally, they can tell you when the cold “season” starts, how much wood they used, what kind, what kind of performance you can expect, and more. At the very least they should give you a rough estimate of how much you’ll need.
But if you are a wood heat rookie or cannot reach the previous occupants of the home, you will have to figure things out as time goes on.
As with all such calculations, err on the side of too much rather than too little, and have an emergency plan for getting more firewood in a pinch should you run low.
You can further set yourself up for success by considering all of the following factors that will figure into your wood supply formula. This way you can at least establish a baseline.
What’s the Weather Like?
The weather where you live is the first element that will determine how much firewood is consumed season to season.
The harsher the climate the more wood you will need, and extra wood is required if you are dealing with lots of precipitation.
Consider also that longer winters will need more fuel on hand to endure in relative comfort compared to brief, mild winters.
Furthermore, in some regions you’ll need a fire going even before or after the winter season.
Pleasant spring days give way to chilly nights, and fragrant fall evenings can still be bitterly cold. Don’t make the mistake of figuring firewood needs based solely on the “calendar” winter.
Also, you’d be well advised to talk to your neighbors and other long-term residents of the area to better understand what a “typical” year looks like, weather-wise.
Their observations will further help you determine how much wood you’ll require until the warm weather reasserts itself.
How Big is Your Home?
The amount of wood you’ll need to heat your home efficiently will be further determined by a variety of tangible factors regarding your house, particularly the size and configuration of the floor plan.
As a general rule of thumb, it’s more difficult to heat larger rooms or bigger houses effectively, so you should allot more fuel upfront if you want to keep them warm.
Larger spaces are much harder to warm effectively because the internal air volume is so much greater.
The opposite is true concerning smaller spaces when it comes to efficiently heating them. A small burning fire might suffice to keep a one-room cabin or snug, cozy den comfortably warm.
The same fire in a great room or large home might leave it uncomfortably damp and chilled. Smaller spaces or homes will reduce your overall wood use significantly.
Another thing to consider: Larger homes frequently have more than one fireplace or stove in an effort to warm the space more evenly or thoroughly.
Obviously supplying multiple fireplaces or stoves at once will double or triple your firewood needs.
How Do You Live in Your Home?
Because it affects the amount of wood necessary for heat, your personal or family living arrangements within the home should also be assessed.
If you and yours don’t mind spending much of the “cold season” in the same room where your fireplace or woodstove is installed, you won’t need as much wood overall since you’ll only be trying to keep one occupied room comfortably warm and perhaps one or two others that are immediately adjacent.
Personal requirements and comfort also factor into the calculation. If you want to hang out at home in shorts and a t-shirt, comfortable, while in the middle of winter, you are going to be running your fire on full blast 24/7.
If you are willing to dress warmly while at home you won’t need as much heat to be comfortable. Using wood for fuel in an “always on” capacity is highly expensive and usually unrealistic.
Is the Home Drafty? Is it Well-Insulated?
Another crucial factor to consider is the quality of your home’s insulation, which affects how much firewood you’ll need.
Houses with thick, modernized insulation materials, inert-gas windows, and thorough draft reduction methods will hold on to more heat and stay warmer for longer.
This reduces firewood needs by increasing the amount of time a specific space stays warm after it has been heated.
Consider older homes with rudimentary insulation or little beyond what their basic materials can provide will gobble up firewood since they will only be warm when they are actively being heated.
This is especially true if the house in question is drafty: doors, windows, under-home spaces, attics, and more are all areas where a cold chill can slip in, or warm, toasty air can slip out!
A well-insulated and draft-sealed home will retain more heat, and that means you won’t need as much firewood to keep warm.
How Efficient is Your Fireplace or Stove?
The efficiency of your wood stove or fireplace is important because it maximizes heat while minimizing fuel (firewood) consumption, or in the case of an inefficient burn, do the exact opposite!
A clean and efficient burn, in a fireplace or stove, results in greater heat output for the same amount of fuel consumed.
If your fireplace or stove produces a sooty and uneven burn with a ton of smoke, it indicates that its efficiency is lacking.
When it comes to the fireplace or wood stove itself, paying attention to how the fire is built, lit and all other combustion-related factors will help improve efficiency, allowing you to get the most out of your fuel while reducing soot accumulation in your chimney or flue.
Current generation wood-burning stoves are also well known for their outstanding overall performance and produce a tremendous amount of heat using very little fuel compared to a fireplace.
If you use wood that has been properly seasoned prior to use, it will have a better chance of burning effectively and cleanly. Hardwoods are preferable in general, particularly when well-seasoned.
On the other hand, softwoods are less than ideal even when well-seasoned and are especially inefficient when burned unseasoned.
But despite these flaws softwoods are frequently the primary or even only common firewood for heating in some locations, therefore you may just need to make the best of what you’ve got.
Ideally, you want a clean, hot burn with minimal to no smoke or soot produced whatever kind of wood you are burning.
How Many Cords of Wood To Heat a 2000 Square Foot House?
To keep comfortable throughout the typical cold weather seasons, a 2,000 square foot two-story home will need around 525 to 750 cubic feet, or 4-6 cords, of firewood.
How Many Cords of Wood To Heat a 3000 Square Foot House?
For a 3,000 sq ft house you will need about 7-9 cords (896-1152 cubic feet) of firewood during a typical winter.
There are many variables homeowners should consider between their climate, home, heating system, and lifestyle, and a careful assessment is a good idea.
Tom has lived and worked on farms and homesteads from the Carolinas to Kentucky and beyond. He is passionate about helping people prepare for tough times by embracing lifestyles of self-sufficiency.