Before owning a pig, I had no idea they had so many names! A pig was just a pig. But then I started hearing people calling them different things, and I hadn’t a clue what they meant. This is for all of you, city slickers…
What is a swine?
The term swine is used to refer to any member of the pig family.
What’s the difference between a Hog and a Pig?
A hog is an older swine, weighing over 120 lbs. A pig is a younger swine, weighing less than 120 lbs.
What are baby pigs called?
(Aw, com’mon! I know you know that much!) Piglets, of course!
What is a female pig called?
A: A female pig is called a gilt until she has her first litter of piglets, and then she is called a sow, no matter her age.
What is a male pig called?
A male pig is called a boar, until he is castrated (neutered), and then he is called a barrow.
What is a feeder pig?
A feeder pig is a gilt or barrow which has been weaned, and is sold to be raised for slaughter. It is between 6-8 weeks old, and should weigh between 40-80 pounds.
What is a grower pig?
A grower pig is a swine weighing between 40-125 pounds.
What is a finisher pig?
A finisher pig is a swine which has reached market weight, 125 pounds to about 230 pounds.
Other Funny Pig Names
There are of course other names for pigs, and some of them that are not so serious, basically nicknames. Others are colloquial terms used to describe certain kinds of pigs or pigs at varying stages of growth as above.
In any case, more than most other animals pigs have lots and lots of names! Here are a few more.
Rhymes with “boat.”
A shoat is a young pig, particularly one that is freshly weaned. Most keepers technically consider them no longer true piglets at this stage, as they are growing rapidly and their behavioral characteristics will change just as quickly compared to when they are newborn and very small.
This is a nickname, and it’s origin should be pretty obvious. Pigs are notorious for grunting pretty much all the time no matter what they’re doing,and sometimes even grunt when they are sleeping! This is also a popular nickname for a pig with a particularly nasty disposition.
Like grunter, the origin of this nickname should be obvious. Oinker is derived from the onomatopoeia of the typical sound that pigs make, or rather the sound that we are taught they make since we are very young.
I can’t say that I’ve ever heard a pig make a true “oink” before, but you have to admit the name is pretty catchy.
Cutter is another colloquial term used to describe a pig’s stage of growth, and specifically pigs that are being raised for their meat. Although not used everywhere, cutter denotes a pig that is currently between pork and bacon weight.
I don’t care who you are, the very best product to come out of a pig is its bacon, bar none. Accordingly it makes sense to give pigs a nickname based on this obvious fact, so referring to an entire pig or even a herd of pigs as bacon is not too far from the truth.
Here piggy, piggy, piggy! A cute nickname or term of endearment for a preferred or possibly pet pig. Not guaranteed to actually lure pigs to you.
A nickname commonly used to refer to pigs that are destined for slaughter at pork weight, or a larger pig in general.
Another legendary nickname for a pig, derived from Porky Pig, one of the most famous and longest running of the classic Looney Tunes characters. T-t-t-t-that’s all it means, folks!
Pigs, when distressed, in pain or frightened will often emit repeated, ear piercing squeals. That’s the source of this nickname. It can also refer to a pig with a nervous or dramatic disposition that is prone to making such sounds.
A peccary is another name for a javelina, an animal that closely resembles but is distinct from a true pig. In some parts of the United States, particularly the Midwest and Southwest, this term is used as a catch-all reference to pigs of all kinds even though it isn’t strictly accurate.
Cob roller is an odd nickname for pigs, and one with a disputed history. Some folks say that it derives from a pig’s tendency to roll easily on the ground or down a hill when lying prone, akin to a corn cob.
Others say the term was actually derived from the fact that pigs will roll around corn cobs as they root and bite at them. In any case, this is an odd but interesting nickname for a pig.
Razorback is a colloquial nickname for wild pigs and particularly domestic wild pig hybrids that show a distinctly narrowing spinal ridge, usually covered with hair.
This term is particularly common in Arkansas and neighboring states. It is also sometimes used as a reference to any particularly vicious and aggressive wild pig, often a male.
A warthog is a specific breed of wild pig found in Africa, although it is sometimes used to refer to any wild pig and especially ones with large and prominent teeth. Sometimes a large, dominant and surely domestic male pig is said to be a warthog.
There. Don’t you feel smarter now?
A city girl learning to homestead on an acre of land in the country. Wife and homeschooling mother of four. Enjoying life, and everything that has to do with self sufficient living.
16 thoughts on “The Different Names For Pigs”
You say that feeder pigs are only gilts or barrows, why can’t a boar also be?
Like just about any other male mammal, boars are full of testosterone and are therefore aggressive, violent with each other, and just generally hard to deal with. That’s why virtually all male farm animals are castrated, except for the few that are kept intact for breeding.
we just purchased a mini pig was told it wont be any larger than 35lbs is that corriect
Now can’t leave out a favorite term of mine for a buddies dog that has a weight problem at times :
Shoat is a young hog (not sexually mature) that has been weaned and is ready for market weighing 150-260 pounds
THIS WAS NO HELP
Maybe “no help” to anyone with negative perspective, but interesting and edifying to those with alert minds, who welcome opportunities to learn new things.
You left one out. A feral sow of aroumd 400lbs is called scary.
I have heard a pig referred to as a. Sau or sou not sure how you spell it. But that is my question. How do you spell the word? I’m not a farmer I’m just a Marine. And some of us were talking the other day, I am usually pretty good at spelling. But could not figure this one out to save my life. Haha no pun intended there.
SSgt S.M. Hersey
wow that was really intresting i will recomend it to a friend
thanks for the help
who you calling a city slacker farm boy.
Also, there is a show pig. Yes they are different. Show pigs are born and bred for the finest quality. I don’t know if you are familiar with 4-H or FFA but these are 2 national organizations that show not only pigs but just about every other kind of animal you can think of. Pigs can usually only be shown up to a year in there life. After show season these are either eaten or bred. I show pigs myself and its the best thing I’ve ever done. It has taught me so much.
Thanks, that was really educational! Ya’ learn something new every day!