The Different Names For Pigs

Before owning a pig, I had no idea they had so many names! A pig was just a pig. But then I started hearing people calling them different things, and I hadn’t a clue what they meant. This is for all of you, city slickers…

free-ranging pig next to old stone rocks

What is a swine?

The term swine is used to refer to any member of the pig family.

What’s the difference between a Hog and a Pig?

A hog is an older swine, weighing over 120 lbs. A pig is a younger swine, weighing less than 120 lbs.

What are baby pigs called?

(Aw, com’mon! I know you know that much!) Piglets, of course!

What is a female pig called?

A: A female pig is called a gilt until she has her first litter of piglets, and then she is called a sow, no matter her age.

What is a male pig called?

A male pig is called a boar, until he is castrated (neutered), and then he is called a barrow.

What is a feeder pig?

A feeder pig is a gilt or barrow which has been weaned, and is sold to be raised for slaughter. It is between 6-8 weeks old, and should weigh between 40-80 pounds.

What is a grower pig?

A grower pig is a swine weighing between 40-125 pounds.

What is a finisher pig?

A finisher pig is a swine which has reached market weight, 125 pounds to about 230 pounds.

There. Don’t you feel smarter now?

14 thoughts on “The Different Names For Pigs”

  1. Now can’t leave out a favorite term of mine for a buddies dog that has a weight problem at times :

    Shoat is a young hog (not sexually mature) that has been weaned and is ready for market weighing 150-260 pounds

    • Maybe “no help” to anyone with negative perspective, but interesting and edifying to those with alert minds, who welcome opportunities to learn new things.

  2. I have heard a pig referred to as a. Sau or sou not sure how you spell it. But that is my question. How do you spell the word? I’m not a farmer I’m just a Marine. And some of us were talking the other day, I am usually pretty good at spelling. But could not figure this one out to save my life. Haha no pun intended there.
    SSgt S.M. Hersey

  3. Also, there is a show pig. Yes they are different. Show pigs are born and bred for the finest quality. I don’t know if you are familiar with 4-H or FFA but these are 2 national organizations that show not only pigs but just about every other kind of animal you can think of. Pigs can usually only be shown up to a year in there life. After show season these are either eaten or bred. I show pigs myself and its the best thing I’ve ever done. It has taught me so much.


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